Foot Care A-Z



A list of common foot problems & conditions. Detailed advice on day-to-day foot problems and sore feet.


Achilles Tendonitis
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ACHILLES TENDON
Achilles tendonitis is where the tendon becomes inflamed or begins to degenerate.  If you have Achilles tendonitis you will experience discomfort caused by a burning, shooting, or piercing pain at the back of the leg.
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Anatomy of the Foot
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ANATOMY OF FOOT
Feet are one the most utilised parts of the human body. Our feet work for us the whole day, whether we stand, play, run, or walk, and in the process they become the most affected part of our anatomy.
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Ankle Pain - Strains or Sprains
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ANKLE PAIN
Ankle sprains (stretching / tearing of ligaments) are common ankle injuries. Ankle sprains occur when the foot is forced into an unnatural position, can be due to the genetic makeup of the individual's foot.
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Arthritis & Arthritic feet
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ARTHRITIC FOOT
Arthritis refers to the inflammation of joints of the body. Some of the causes are: Osteoarthritis (wear and tear of joints), Old age, Obesity, Inappropriate footwear. Injury to the foot, Rheumatiod Arthritis and Gout.

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Arthritis & Rheumatic Foot
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Arthritis & Rheumatic Foot
Arthritis causes pain and other problems in the foot such as soreness, inflammation and swelling of joints, pain and changing foot shape (this can create pressure sites that develop corns and hard skin).
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Athletes Foot
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ATHLETES FOOT
Athlete's foot is a fungal infection that usually appears between the toes, but can affect any part of the foot or toenail. Athlete's foot can be caught from infected people when walking on moist surfaces.

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Blister Prevention and Treatment Guide
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BLISTERS
Blisters typically develop due to friction on the skin from the rubbing of clothing or sports equipment on the surface layer of the skin. Most people get blisters on the heels, soles of the feet, and palms of the hands.
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Bunions - Hallux Abducto Valgus
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BUNIONS
A bunion is a bony lump on the inside of the foot next to the big toe. They occur when the big toe is forced into a position contrary to its normal alignment. Wearing non-constrictive footwear can prevent bunions.

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Burning Feet
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HOT FEET
There are a number of possible causes for burning feet so treatment varies according to cause. Accurate diagnosis by a foot care professional is therefore essential in preventing further irritation.

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Chilblains and Cold Feet
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CHILBLAINS
Chilblains are thought to be caused by an abnormal skin reaction to cold. Chilblains are often swollen, red lumps, and if left untreated they can become dry and cracked, leaving the foot prone to infection.
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Corns and Calluses
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FOOT CORNS
Corns and calluses develop when normal skin activity is over-stimulated resulting in a thickening layer of skin. This over-stimulation can result from congenital, hormonal, occupational & infective factors. A callous is a diffuse area of thickened skin, were as a corn is an area of a callous that have become moulded into a nucleus.
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Cracked Heels - Xeorosis
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CRACKED HEELS
Dry cracking heels is mainly a cosmetic problem but can become more serious. Dry cracked heels can sometimes result in heel fissures where the skin cracks and bleeds which can be very painful.

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Diabetic Foot Care
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DOPPLER
Diabetic foot care advice including how to care for the feet and ensure a risk-free everyday life. Diabetes does not have to hold you back. You just need to know the facts and help yourself.
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Deep Vein Thrombosis
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Deep Vein Thrombosis
Deep Vein Thrombosis is a clot that forms inside the artery or vein, and can be dangerous to our health. It is a rare occurence but it is important to be aware of the condition, its symptoms and how to prevent it.
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Edema & Pregnancy
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SORE FEET WHILE PREGNANT
Edema is a term used in reference to swollen feet that occurs during a woman's pregnancy, this happens because the body releases hormones that allow the ligaments in the feet to relax, causing the foot to lengthen and widen.
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Foot Arch Pain or Arch Strain
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ARCH PAIN
Arch pain can occur whenever something goes wrong with the function or interaction of any of the structures in the foot. The most common cause of arch pain is Plantar Fasciitis- some other causes are also listed.

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Foot Blisters - Prevention and Treatment
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BLISTERS
A blister is a bubble of fluid under the outer layer of skin. There are many possible causes of blisters including a burn, disease, an allergic reaction, or from your skin rubbing against something.
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Foot Neuropathy - Loss of Feeling in Feet
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MONOFILAMENT
Neuropathy refers to loss of feeling in the feet and can occur as a result of complications in Diabetics, it can cause inability to feel heat, cold or even pain. Diabetics should check their feet regularly for  abnormalities.

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Flat feet or Pronation - Pes Planus
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FLAT FOOT
Pes planus otherwise termed as flat feet is a biomechanical problem experienced by a surprisingly high percentage of the population. Flat feet are a condition where the arch of the foot appears flattened.
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Foot Ulcers
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Diabetics can experience what is called neuropathy, which is when the sensation in the feet is lost. Firstly this means that any abrasions or cuts to the foot can go unnoticed for days.
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Fungal Nails
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Fungal Nails
Fungal infections are common on both fingernails and toenails. Toenail fungus causes disfiguration and discoloration of the nails. It is a contagious disease and some times it may be hereditary.
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General Knee Pain
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KEEN PAIN
Knee pain is any discomfort experienced between the knee cap and the thigh bone. Pain is usually a dull ache or alternatively a very sharp stabbing pain that is easily aggravated by physical activity.
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Gout (Hyperuricemia)
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GOUT
Hyperuricemia and elevated uric acid (Gout) is a condition that affects the big toe joint. It is caused by increased levels of uric acid in the blood that crystallise and settle in various joints of the body, usually in the big toe.
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Haglund's Deformity - Heel Pain
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Haglund's Deformity - Heel Pain
Haglund's deformity refers to a condition where pain is experienced at the heel. It can be treated with ice packs or by wearing sensible shoes. Heel pads, grips and foot orthotics are also good pain relief methods.

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Hallux Rigidus
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Hallux Rigidus
Hallux Rigidus is a common form of arthritis located at the base of the big toe (MTP Joint) which makes it stiff. This joint is important to the proper function of the foot, as it needs to bend when the foot is in motion.

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Hammer toes - Exostosis (Bone Spurs)
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Hammer toes - Exostosis (Bone Spurs)
Hammer toes occur when muscle structures of the toes are partially or completely dislocated which causes the toes to become bent and crooked. It can be hereditary or caused by inappropriate, ill-fitting shoes.
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Heel Pain, Bursitis and Plantar Fasciitis
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Heel Pain, Bursitis and Plantar Fasciitis
Bursitis and Plantar Fasciitis can occur when a person increases their levels of physical activity or when the heel's fat pad becomes thinner, providing less protection to the foot.
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Ingrown toenails & fungal nails
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Ingrown toenails & fungal nails
An ingrown toenail is a condition where one or both sides of the nail cut into the flesh of the toe. An ingrown toenail can cause swelling, redness or infection and can be very painful.
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Lumbo-Sacral Pain (Lower back pain)
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Lumbo-Sacral Pain (Lower back pain)
Lumbo-sacral pain refers to a condition of the lower back caused by over pronation of the foot. Over pronation is where the arch of the foot collapses, leaving the foot in a flattened state.
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Metatarsalgia - Ball of Foot Pain
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Metatarsalgia - Ball of Foot Pain
The metatarsal region refers to the ball of the foot. Metatarsalgia is a burning sensation in the ball of the foot that can be either mild or severe, and can sometimes be a recurring problem.
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Morton's Toe
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Morton's Toe
Morton's toe is a common foot condition apparent in many people, where the second toe is longer than the big toe (hallux).It can lead to extra pressure being exerted underneath the second toe.

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Overlapping and Underlapping Toes
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Overlapping and Underlapping Toes
Toes can sometimes overlap or underlap the other toes and can be the cause of constant irritation. Sufferers should wear shoes with a wide, high toe box that allow the feet room to maneuver.
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Plantar Warts (Verruca Plantaris)
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Plantar Warts (Verruca Plantaris)
Verruca Plantaris commonly referred to as warts, are growths that develop on the bottom of the feet . Most people will have warts at some time during their life and they are most common in school children and teenagers.
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Raynaud's Disease and the Feet
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Raynaud's Disease and the Feet
Raynaud's disease is associated with the narrowing of blood vessels. Physical effects of this are discolouration of the flesh and a feeling of numbness, throbbing, burning and cold.

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Sesamoiditis - Ball of Foot Pain
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Sesamoiditis - Ball of Foot Pain
Sesamoiditis refers to the irritation of the sesamoid bones (tiny bones that lead to the big toe), which can become irritated and possibly fractured each time you push off the ground with the toes.
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Shin Splints
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Shin Splints
Shin Splints are the result of overuse of the tibia (shin bone), vigorous activity or a sharp and sudden increase in activity, therefore exercise levels should only ever be increased gradually.
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Sweaty Feet & Foot Odour
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SWEATY FEET
Sweaty and smelly feet are a common problem that many people encounter at some stage in their lives. However for some people it can be a persistent condition that can be embarrassing and bothersome.
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What foot type are you?
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FLAT FOOT TEST
Flat foot test you can do at home to determine your foot type. This is a simple test to find out your foot type. It can be done at home but should not replace the advice of foot health professional.
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Categories


Foot Care A-Z

A list of common foot problems & conditions. Detailed advice on day-to-day foot problems and sore feet.

Foot Care Advice

General foot care articles, advice and indepth product advice.

Foot Health at Work

Footcare is often overlooked when we consider health & safety in the workplace. It is seen as trivial and unimportant compared to other safety issues. This is wrong considering how important our feet are to us.

Walking, Sport & Outdoor Activities

Articles relating to the feet when running, walking and playing. Informative articles on exercise, golf, walking and foot care during the winter months.

Dancing and Foot Care

Dancing has many benefits including improved health, fitness and creative expression. Like many other sports, however, training and performance can be tough on your body, and particularly your feet.

Beauty & Foot Care

Footcare is often overlooked when we consider health & safety in the workplace. It is seen as trivial and unimportant compared to other safety issues. This is wrong considering how important our feet are to us.

Footwear

Footcare is often overlooked when we consider health & safety in the workplace. It is seen as trivial and unimportant compared to other safety issues. This is wrong considering how important our feet are to us.